Pan Hu the wonderful dog and China's Sinocentrism

Sinocentrism is an ethnocentric political ideology that regards China to be central or unique relative to other countries or nations.In short, it means that the Chinese race is supreme to all other non-Chinese. There is an ancient Chinese myth/legend that provides the sinocentrism of the Chinese- the tale of the wonderful dog named Pan Hu. Pan Hu's tale made the Chinese regard the uneducated Chinese, Man people(Miao, Mao,Ming, Mang) and the Non-Chinese people (Thai, Burmese, Tibetans) as dog people. Which means they are high-breed half human dogs and because they're half-breed human they are naturally lower than the Chinese people who are "pure humans". 

The tale of Pan Hu the wonderful dog in capsule form: A dog named Pan Hu marries the princess as the king had promised, after he has brought the head of the king of the neighboring kingdom. Pan Hu and the Princess had 12 sons and daughters which were regarded as the Non-Chinese people or those of the people who live in Southern China.

The Tale of Pan Hu, the wonderful dog

Thousands of years ago,
in the country now known as China, there lived a king named Gao Xin. One day, his wife, the queen, suddenly got an excruciating earache. She suffered for three long years from the pain.
No one was able to give her relief until an old wizard came to the kingdom. The wizard took something from the queen's ear and the pain instantly went away! While nobody knew what the strange golden cocoon-like thing was that was taken from her ear, the queen decided to keep it inside a clay jar which she covered with a plate.

After a few days, a mottled dog hatched from the cocoon. Because of where it was born, the dog was named Pan (plate) Hu (jar). The dog grew fast and soon became everybody's favorite pet.
Now, Gao Xin had a rather strained relationship with Fang, the king of neighboring kingdom. Gao mentioned that anyone who brought him the head of Fang would be given the princess' hand in marriage as a reward. Upon hearing this, Pan Hu left, without anyone knowing where he had gone.

When Pan Hu returned a few days later, he was dragging Fang's head. King Gao was amazed and ordered the best roasts from the kitchen to be served to Pan Hu. The dog refused to eat. For three days, Pan Hu ate nothing. Gao Xin wondered aloud if the dog's behavior had anything to do with the fact that he hadn't kept his promise that his daughter would marry ... a dog!

To the king's surprise, Pan Hu started talking. He said that if the king didn't want his daughter to marry a dog, all the king had to do was leave Pan Hu under a golden bell for seven days. Pan Hu would then turn into a man and be able to marry the princess.

The king did as Pan Hu asked. On the sixth day, however, the princess took pity on Pan Hu, who has neither eaten nor drunk anything. She lifted the bell to offer Pan Hu something to drink. The magic was broken when the princess lifted the bell and Pan Hu could not completely change into a man. While he had a man's body, he still possessed a dog's head.

After this, the legend tells us that P'an Hu and his new wife settled in the mountains where they had 12 children, who later became the heads of 12 Yao clans. The emperor was also said to have made an imperial edict declaring P'an Hu a king. The edict also included provisions that granted he and his progeny exemption from military service and taxes. It also gave them the liberty to travel freely and cultivate their mountain land.

The Yao-minority, who live in southern China, believe they are descended from these children -- the fruits of the marriage of a princess and a dog.


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